[워싱턴=AP/KNS뉴스통신] 미국 합창의장이 파키스탄 기자 살해에 파키스탄 정보부가 연루되었다는 폭로에 이어 미국 당국이 8억 달러의 파키스탄 군사원조를 중단하면서 미국과 파키스탄 관계가 곤경에 처해있는 사실을 시사하고 있다.
미 백악관 윌리엄 데일리 비서실장은 10일 미국과 파키스탄 관계가 정상화 될 때까지 미국의 대 파키스탄 군사원조를 중단한다고 발표했다.
데일리 비서실장은 파키스탄의 군사 원조 중단은 미국과 파키스탄 관계가 오사마 빈 라덴 사살이후 파키스탄 정치 상황의 악화와 관계가 있다고 말했다.
미국 리온 파네타 국방장관은 파키스탄과 미국은 협력해서 알카에다 로운 지도자 아이만 알 자와리를 포함한 극단주의자들과의 싸움을 계속해야 한다고 주장하고 있다.
미국은 파키스탄 정부가 테러범들과의 전쟁과 탈레반과 인도에 대한 테러 활동 근절에 적극성을 보이지 않는데 대해 불만을 표시해 왔다.
이번 중단된 군사원조액 8억 달러는 파키스탄에 대한 미국 군사 원조액 총 20억 달러의 40%에 해당하며 테러작전 지원에 사용되는 자금이다.
이 자금가운데 3억 달러는 아프가니스탄 국경에 주둔하고 있는 파키스탄 병력의 유지비로 제공되는 것으로 알려졌다.
미국 고위관리에 의하면 파키스탄정부는 미 군사 교육 단에 대한 입국비자를 제한하면서 미국의 군사원조 중단이라는 직접적 보복사태를 가져왔다.
미 민주당 하원 하워드 버먼 외교위원회 위원장은 미국의 군사원조가 선거에 의해 선출된 파키스탄 민간정부를 약화시키는 데에 사용돼서는 안 되며 원조 중단은 국방부가 이러한 우려에 동감한다는 뜻이라고 말했다.
파키스탄에 대한 군사원조 중단은 아프가니스탄에서 미군 철수와 동시에 탈레반을 압박하여 평화회담에 참가시키려는 미국의 목적에 부합하지 않으며 파키스탄 군부의 반발을 초래할 수 있다는 관측이 나오고 있다.
Tough line: US suspends military aid to Pakistan
WASHINGTON (AP) — The Obama administration's decision to suspend $800 million in aid to the Pakistan's military signals a tougher U.S. line with a critical but sometimes unreliable partner in the fight against terrorism.
President Barack Obama's chief of staff, William Daley, said in a broadcast interview Sunday that the estranged relationship between the United States and Pakistan must be made "to work over time," but until it does, "we'll hold back some of the money that the American taxpayers are committed to give" to the country's powerful military forces.
The suspension of U.S. aid, first reported by The New York Times, followed a statement last week by Adm. Mike Mullen, chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff, that Pakistan's security services may have sanctioned the killing of Pakistani journalist Saleem Shahzad, who wrote about infiltration of the military by extremists. His battered body was found in June.
The allegation was rejected by Pakistan's powerful military establishment, including the Inter-Services Intelligence Agency, which has historic ties to the Taliban and other militant groups and which many Western analysts regard as a state-within-a-state.
George Perkovich, an expert on Pakistan with the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Washington, said Mullen's comments and the suspension of aid represent "the end of happy talk," where the U.S. tries to paper over differences between the two nations.
Daley, interviewed on ABC's "This Week," suggested the decision to suspend military aid resulted from the increasing estrangement between the U.S. and Pakistan. "Obviously there's still a lot of pain that the political system in Pakistan is feeling by virtue of the raid that we did to get Osama bin Laden," Daley said.
Defense Secretary Leon Panetta told reporters traveling with him to Afghanistan on Saturday that the U.S. would continue to press Pakistan in the fight against extremists, including al-Qaida's new leader, Ayman al-Zawahri.
"We have to continue to emphasize with the Pakistanis that in the end it's in their interest to be able to go after these targets as well," Panetta said. "And in the discussions I've had with them, I have to say that, you know, they're giving us cooperation in going after some of these targets. We've got to continue to push them to do that. That's key."
The U.S. has long been unhappy with Pakistan's evident lack of enthusiasm for carrying the fight against terrorists to its tribal areas, as well as its covert support for the Taliban and anti-Indian extremist groups.
But tensions ratcheted up in January, when CIA security contractor Raymond Davis shot and killed two Pakistanis who he said were trying to rob him. They spiked in May, when U.S. forces killed bin Laden during a covert raid on a home in Abbottabad, the location of Pakistan's military academy.
In the U.S., there was anger at the possibility that some Pakistan officials had harbored the terrorist leader. In Pakistan, there was outrage that the U.S. operation had violated its sovereignty.
The $800 million in suspended aid represents 40 percent of the $2 billion in U.S. military aid to Pakistan, and according to the Times includes money for counterterror operations.
The report said some of the money represented equipment that can't be set up for training because Pakistan won't give visas to the trainers. About $300 million was intended to reimburse Pakistan for the cost of deploying 100,000 troops along the Afghan b order, the newspaper said.
A senior U.S. official confirmed that the suspension came in response to the Pakistani army's decision to significantly reduce the number of visas for U.S. military trainers. "We remain committed to helping Pakistan build its capabilities, but we have communicated to Pakistani officials on numerous occasions that we require certain support in order to provide certain assistance," a senior U.S. official told The Associated Press. The official was not authorized to discuss the issue publicly and spoke only on condition of anonymity.
Secretary of State Hillary Clinton recently told senators that "when it comes to our military aid, we are not prepared to continue providing that at the pace we were providing it unless we see certain steps taken."
California Rep. Howard Berman, the top Democrat on the House Foreign Affairs Committee, said Sunday that he agreed with the administration's decision. "I have repeatedly expressed concern over sending assistance to Pakistan's military as elements of it actively undermine the country's democratically elected government and institutions, and I'm relieved the Pentagon shares my concerns," Berman said.
Pakistan army spokesman Maj. Gen. Athar Abbas declined comment on the suspension. He pointed to comments by Army Chief Ashfaq Parvez Kayani, who last month said U.S. military aid should be diverted to civilian projects.
Hasan-Askari Rizvi, a Pakistani political and defense analyst, said the U.S. decision to suspend aid is an attempt to increase pressure on Pakistan, but he believes it could hurt both sides.
"The Pakistani military has been the major supporter of the U.S. in the region because it needed weapons and money," said Rizvi. "Now, when the U.S. builds pressure on the military, it will lose that support."
Rivzi said the move could make it harder for the U.S. to push the Taliban into peace talks, in preparation for its withdrawal from Afghanistan. At the same time, he said, the Pakistani military relies on U.S. aid in its fight against militant groups.
"This kind of public denunciation needs to stop, and they need to talk," Rivzi said. "They shouldn't go to the brink because both will suffer."
But Abbas, the Pakistani military spokesman, said the loss of aid would have no effect on military operations. "In the past, we have not been dependent on any external support for these operations, and they will continue," Abbas said.
Perkovich, the Carnegie Endowment expert, called the suspension of U.S. aid "overdue."
"We've been trying for years to get, persuade, push the Pakistani army to conduct military operations on their b order with Afghanistan, especially in North Waziristan, and they've said it's not in their interest, that they're overstretched already," Perkovich said in a telephone interview from Paris. "I think it's smart to say, 'We hear you.' ... If the army doesn't want the support, we hear them and we'll withdraw the support."
Perkovich said if billions in U.S. financial aid didn't change the behavior of the Pakistan military, then withdrawing it probably wouldn't either. The shift in the administration's policy was prompted by recent tensions, he said. But it also grew out of the U.S. decision to begin withdrawing troops from Afghanistan.
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